How Are Architectural Structures and Their Surrounding Communities Connected?
Studying architectural history provides insight into the forms, purposes and evolution of the structures that surround us and the society and culture they represent. Such understanding is invaluable for everyone. Insight into specific localities is the purpose of studying the history of buildings, including vernacular architecture – architecture that is based on local needs and traditions, availability of construction materials and, historically, on the design skills and tradition of local builders.
David M. Breiner, PhD, associate professor of architectural history and theory, and associate dean of the College of Architecture and the Built Environment, has a deep appreciation for the history and relationship between architecture and urban form (vernacular architectures and the specific communities in which they exist), be it neighborhoods in Italy, New York City, or Philadelphia. Find out more about Dr. Breiner’s research and the questions he’s trying to answer.
Q: What is your research focus?
A: Currently, I’m concentrating on American — including vernacular — architecture. How did the seemingly everyday buildings and landscapes around us come to be the way they are? I have also worked on Italian Renaissance architecture and urbanism, meaning the patterns of urban form – street patterns, the distinction between public and private realms, the relationship of buildings to one another and their evolution in time — and, recently, on the pedagogy of teaching architectural history.
Q: What’s one question you’re investigating?
A: I’m investigating how the School House Lane neighborhood of our East Falls campus developed from colonial times to the present. It’s a complex topic and although people admire the area, many of them don’t know much about it. Many of the surviving country houses are actually on the foundations of even older buildings. And many had extensive gardens that are no longer evident. I find this important because it confirms that so much of the cultural landscape around us has a lot of other interesting history, but it’s so easy to ignore it.
Q: What first sparked your interest in your area of research?
A: So many colleagues visited our campus and remarked on the quality of the buildings and landscapes. Therefore, I applied for and received a Getty Grant to document some of the campus’s historic cultural landscapes, and there’s been no turning back. One example is the surviving frame farmhouse (rare for the City of Philadelphia) now known as Roxboro House and restored by the University to serve as the Arlen Specter Center.
Q: What’s a cool fact about your study subject?
A: Some interesting architects worked here, such as Wilson Eyre, Jr., a formative figure in Philadelphia’s development of a regional style, and Elizabeth Fleisher, an early woman architect. Among their clients were some of Philadelphia’s most influential families, including the Strawbridges, the Biddles and the Wistars.
Q: Many researchers have superstitions. Things they’ve done to cosmically help their research work succeed. What are yours?
A: This is a little bit of a stretch, but I believe that unless I get started early in the day on research and writing, I won’t get much done.
Q: What’s the best part of your job?
A: My research is like assembling a difficult jigsaw puzzle, but the pieces consist of historic images, aerial photos, and atlases; tax records, deeds, and building permits; family correspondence and the architecture itself. I really enjoy discovering when word-of-mouth information about local history is confirmed by serious scholarship and when it is refuted. Just as good is finding a long-lost drawing or photo of a building after years of searching!
Q: What’s something people would be surprised to find out about you?
A: I enjoy riding my bike around neighboring communities. (But most of the time, I’m looking at the buildings!)